The Carbrook program is currently home to a number of resident animals including, two horses, two goats, a pig, and four chickens. Leo the Poodle and two additional training horses also make visits to the program. Native animal species that also call Carbrook home are Wood Ducks, Bees, Water Foul and other bird species.
The concept of animal assisted learning draws on a variety of approaches used in both therapeutic and educational settings. The Carbrook program focus on the following benefits;
- Young people may arrive at the program resistant to education as a result of negative prior experiences; animals provide an initial distraction, then challenge young people to view the program through fresh eyes.
- Young people may find it difficult and uncomfortable to engage with others (particularly educators); animals provide a safety buffer, and assist in breaking the ice.
- Young people may arrive fixated on themselves and their problems; animals provide a healthy distraction, where conversations and activities focus on the behaviour and needs of the animals.
- Young people may arrive with a low self-concept, and belief that they have limited skills and abilities; animals provide opportunities for skills to be learned and confidence built in a short space of time.
The significance of horses
Much has been written about the connection between horses and humans. However there are a few important reasons we believe horses can be beneficial for young people with diverse needs.
- Horse are big. It becomes immediately apparent to the young person that they cannot force a horse to do what they want. Instead students needs to learn the skills to communicate effectively with the horse.
- Horses look for a leader. Unless the young person can learn how to lead with kindness, firmness and confidence (KFC), the horse will never recognise them as the leader.
- Horses are a herd animal. Working with horse means learning about how they think and work in a group. Young people begin to learn what it means to be part of a group (herd) and how the actions of individuals impact the group.
- Horses are fun. Working with horses is often attractive to young people and assists them seeking fun and adventure in healthy ways.
- Horses require hard work. From picking up manure to carrying buckets of water, horses require a lot of hard work. You can’t expect to have the fun without the work.
- Horses relate on a personal level. Like many animals, horses have distinctive personalities which are easily matched to individuals. Matches may be like with like, or opposites attract!
Young people attending The Carbrook Animal Assisted Learning Centre participate in activities to understand the basics of horse management.
The Program is carefully structured with an emphasis on the following:
- Sequenced progression of skills
- Explicit instruction regarding correct skills and procedures
- Scaffolding of skills prior to independent demonstration
- Frequent practice and revision of skills
Students are signed off by a qualified instructor to indicate a level of competency, and additional records are kept indicating when skills are revised and practiced.
Learning to learn
The focus of the program is to facilitate healthy and safe interactions with animals that assist young people to engage in, and learn the skills required for lifelong learning. These skills include;
- Respecting self – setting goals, accepting support
- Respecting other learners – respecting personal space, allowing others to learn
- Respecting leadership – learning to listen, following basic instructions